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Affordable 433 MHz RF modules for amateur and professional applications


433 MHz RF modules have gained widespread popularity due to their versatility, affordability, and straightforward integration into a wide array of wireless communication applications. These modules serve as the backbone for countless projects and systems, catering to the needs of both hobbyists and professionals alike. In this comprehensive tutorial, we will delve into a selection of renowned and budget-friendly 433 MHz RF modules that have stood the test of time. By examining the unique features of each module and exploring their diverse applications, you will gain a deeper understanding of how these RF modules can be harnessed to meet your specific project requirements. Additionally, we will provide you with valuable references and sources to help you acquire these modules with ease, empowering you to embark on your wireless communication journey with confidence.

Modules overview

1. XY-MK-5V (Superheterodyne)

The XY-MK-5V is a widely used superheterodyne RF module operating at 433 MHz. It is known for its simplicity and is often used in short-range communication applications, such as remote controls.

Key Features

  • Operating frequency: 433 MHz
  • Simple to use
  • Typically operated at 5V
  • Good for short-range applications

2. HC-12 (LoRa)

The HC-12 is a 433 MHz LoRa module that offers extended communication range compared to standard RF modules. It’s suitable for long-range wireless communication and is favored by hobbyists and professionals alike.

Key Features

  • Operating frequency: 433 MHz
  • Long communication range
  • Adjustable power settings
  • UART interface for easy integration

More details here:

3. RFM69 (FSK)

The RFM69 series includes modules operating at 433 MHz using Frequency Shift Keying (FSK). They are often used in short-range, low-power applications where precise communication is required.

Key Features

  • Operating frequency: 433 MHz
  • Low power consumption
  • Adjustable data rates
  • Suitable for battery-powered devices

More details here:

4. CC1101 (Spread spectrum)

The CC1101 module is based on spread spectrum technology, providing enhanced resistance to interference. It’s suitable for professional applications requiring robust and interference-resistant communication.

Key Features

  • Operating frequency: 433 MHz
  • Spread spectrum modulation
  • Configurable parameters for fine-tuning
  • Good resistance to interference

More details here:

5. RFM23BP (Low power)

The RFM23BP is designed for low-power applications, making it ideal for battery-operated devices. It operates at 433 MHz and offers a balance between range and power efficiency.

Key Features

  • Operating frequency: 433 MHz
  • Low power consumption
  • Adequate range for various applications
  • Configurable settings for power management

More details here:


These affordable 433 MHz RF modules find applications in a wide range of scenarios, including:

  • Wireless remote control systems: Modules like XY-MK-5V are commonly used in remote controls for various devices, such as garage doors, lighting systems, and home automation.
  • Long-range data communication: HC-12 modules are suitable for applications requiring long-range data transmission, such as environmental monitoring and telemetry.
  • IoT projects: RFM69 and RFM23BP modules are used in IoT projects for sensor data transmission, enabling wireless connectivity for smart devices and networks.
  • Home automation: These modules can be applied in home automation projects, allowing for wireless control of appliances, security systems, and more.
  • Industrial control: CC1101 modules are favored in industrial settings where interference resistance and precise communication are essential, such as remote monitoring and control systems.


433 MHz RF modules are versatile and cost-effective solutions for wireless communication in both amateur and professional applications. This tutorial introduced you to five well-known modules, their features, and applications. When selecting a module, consider your specific needs, such as range, power consumption, and interference resistance, to make the best choice for your project. You can find these modules from various suppliers and online marketplaces, allowing you to kickstart your wireless communication projects.

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